How many Bitcoins are There?

How many Bitcoins

Bitcoin’s limited supply of 21 million coins has been a fundamental aspect of its appeal and value proposition since its inception. As of the current year, 2023, approximately 18.61 million bitcoins (BTC) have already been mined, leaving around 2.39 million bitcoins yet to be created. Let’s delve into the significance of this supply limit, its enforcement, and the implications for the cryptocurrency ecosystem.

Why 21 Million Bitcoins?

The precise reason why the figure of 21 million was chosen remains a mystery, as Bitcoin’s enigmatic creator, Satoshi Nakamoto, never explicitly explained it. Nonetheless, this limit was introduced to establish scarcity in the digital asset, aligning it with the principles of sound money, including durability, divisibility, portability, fungibility, and intrinsic value.

Bitcoin’s supply cap ensures that it cannot be inflated arbitrarily like traditional fiat currencies. Inflation, often caused by central banks increasing the money supply, can erode the value of money over time. With Bitcoin’s fixed supply, the scarcity of the cryptocurrency drives its value and protects it from the risk of hyperinflation.

Bitcoin Issuance and Mining Rewards

The process of creating new bitcoins, known as mining, plays a crucial role in enforcing the supply limit. Miners are rewarded with newly minted bitcoins for verifying and adding transactions to the blockchain. Initially, the block reward was set at 50 BTC for each block solved, but it undergoes a halving event approximately every four years.

The halving process reduces the block reward by half, making it more challenging for miners to acquire new coins. The current block reward is 6.25 BTC, and it will continue halving until the final halving event, bringing the reward to a single satoshi, the smallest Bitcoin unit.

Enforcement of the Supply Limit

While the 21 million cap is not explicitly coded into Bitcoin’s software, it is the natural result of the halving mechanism. The gradual reduction in mining rewards ultimately leads to a point where no more new bitcoins are issued, ensuring the final total of 21 million coins is reached.

Implications for Bitcoin’s Value and Inflation

Currently, Bitcoin experiences a relatively low inflation rate of around 1.78% due to the ongoing issuance of new coins through mining. However, as the supply dwindles and the demand remains steady or increases, Bitcoin is expected to become a deflationary asset. This means that over time, the existing coins become more valuable as they become scarcer.

The rising price of Bitcoin is crucial for miners’ economic incentive to continue mining, especially as the block rewards approach negligible levels. Higher prices may encourage miners to rely more on transaction fees as their primary source of income. As the adoption and usage of Bitcoin grow, transaction fees are likely to become more valuable, further supporting the network’s security and sustainability.


Bitcoin’s supply limit of 21 million coins is a fundamental feature that sets it apart from traditional fiat currencies and other cryptocurrencies. This controlled issuance mechanism not only ensures scarcity but also impacts the ability to buy cryptocurrency. Platforms like Coinmama provide a convenient and secure way for individuals to buy cryptocurrency, including Bitcoin, and participate in the digital asset revolution.

With Coinmama, users have the opportunity to buy cryptocurrency easily, whether they are new to the crypto space or experienced investors. Coinmama offers a user-friendly interface and a range of payment options, allowing individuals to purchase their desired cryptocurrencies with ease.

Related Articles